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Carbon & GHG Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Above Ground Biomass

live biomass above ground level, specifically referring to stem and leaf.


Additionality

a term defined by the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism to describe the fact that a carbon dioxide reduction project would not have occurred had it not been for concern for the mitigation of climate change. (i.e. above and beyond “business as usual”)


Afforestation

the planting, seeding, and/or promotion of natural seed sources of new forests on lands that have not (or not recently) been forested.

AFOLU (AFOLU)

Acronym for - Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use - as defined by Voluntary Carbon Standard (VCS)


AFOLU Expert (AFOLU)

A person with expertise and experience in AFOLU methodologies, tools, modules and/or projects and who is approved by the VCSA for methodology element assessments within a given AFOLU project category.


AFOLU Project Element (AFOLU)

An AFOLU market leakage assessment or non-permanence risk assessment that is subject to the double approval process.


Agricultural Land Management (ALM)

reducing greenhouse gas emissions (including increasing carbon stocks in soils and biomass) through various eligible land use and management practices including; improved cropland management, improved grassland management, and cropland and grassland land use conversions.


Alternative Energy

energy (typically renewable) obtained from nontraditional sources such as wind, solar power, natural gas, or hydrogen.

American Carbon Registry (ACR) (ACR)

is a leading voluntary offset program with strong standards for environmental integrity and over a decade of operational experience in high quality carbon offset issuance, serialization and transparent on-line transaction reporting.


Baseline Emissions

The Greenhouse gas emissions that would occur without any form of legal or political intervention.

Below Ground Biomass

live biomass below ground level, specifically referring to course roots.

Biodiesel

a non-petroleum-based diesel fuel made by transesterification of vegetable oil or animal fat (tallow) or synthesized from any biomass material.

Bioenergy

solar energy stored in plant material and released when combusted in the form of biofuels.

Biofuels

solid, liquid, or gaseous fuels derived from relatively recently dead biological material. Biofuels can be produced from any (biological) carbon source; although, the most common sources are photosynthetic plants.

Biomass

a renewable energy source (biofuel) derived from living or recently dead biological material (including trees, animal wastes, plant fiber, and associated residues). More specifically, biomass refers to plant matter grown specifically to produce electricity or other energy.


CAFE (CAFE)

Corporate Average Fuel Economy – a standard and limitations instituted to improve the gas mileage of cars and light trucks and thereby reduce energy consumption. CAFE is administered and regulated by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in conjunction with the EPA.


cap and trade

a legal or political system that sets specific mandatory limits on specified emissions, such as CO2 and enforcement actions coupled with a free-market based mechanism whereby emitters can purchase, sell, and trade emission.

Credits Website


Carbon Credit

a generic term representing Certified Emission Reduction. A unit of measurement and sale that is a key component to the market-based mechanism of a cap and trade system. A single Carbon Credit is equal to one metric ton (tonne) of sequestered carbon dioxide, or its equivalent in Greenhouse impacts for other chemicals such as methane. Carbon Credits are used in both industrial and personal carbon trading systems.

Carbon Cycle

the repeating, natural process of carbon storage (sequestration) and emission.

Carbon Dioxide CO (CO)

an odorless, colorless, nonpoisonous, and naturally occurring gas that is a product of fossil fuel or organic material combustion.


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